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Official Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society of Africa
2008, Metamorphosis Volume 19, Issue 3: 127 - 148
Publication Date : 2008-09-30
Author/s : Alan Heath, Leonard McLeod, Z. Ada Kaliszewska, C.W. Stuart Fisher and Mike Cornwall

Title :

Field notes including a summary of trophic and ant-associations for the butterfly genera Chrysoritis Butler, Aloeides Hübner and Thestor Hübner (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) from South Africa

Abstract :

Eighteen life history observations on lycaenid taxa are reported and discussed for the first time, and updated tables of all known ant symbionts and food-plants for Chrysorits and Aloeides are presented.  Interactions between first instar larvae of Thestor rileyi Pennington and their host ants are described.  The occurrence of larvae of Aloeides bamptoni Tite & Dickson and A. nollothi Tite & Dickson with their ant-associates and food-plants are reported, and the oviposition behavior of A. barklyi (Trimen) and the ecology of A. pringlei Tite & Dickson is described.  An ant-associate and a new food-plant are recorded for C. braueri (Pennington), and ant-associates are inferred for Chrysoritis aridus (Pennington) and for C. natalensis (van Son) using new evidence.  Further evidence for the ant-associates and food-plant of C. chrysantas (Trimen) is presented.  Food-plants and ant-associates are determined for C. trimeni (Riley) and C. pan Lysander (Pennington), and for the first time they are recorded occurring in the same locality.  A new locality for C. zonarius coetzeri (Dickson & Wykeham) is recorded.  Each observation is reported and discussed in context, and in relation to previously published work.

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Keywords:

Myrmecophily, food-plants, larvae, speciation, evolution, life history, detritus.

Citation :

COPYRIGHT NOTICE : Copyright © Lepidopterists' Society of Africa

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